Practice Relating to Rule 106. Conditions for Prisoner-of-War Status
Madagascar’s Military Manual (1994) states that combatants “distinguish themselves by their uniform or by a fixed recognizable sign or, at least, by carrying arms openly”.
The manual further states:
Combatants must distinguish themselves from the civilian population while engaged in a combat action or in a preparatory military operation. Members of regular armed forces or persons who are assimilated thereto usually distinguish themselves by their uniform.
Madagascar’s Military Manual (1994) states that: “Participants in a levée en masse
are considered as combatants if they carry arms openly and respect the law of war.”
Madagascar’s Military Manual (1994) states:
All combatants are required to distinguish themselves from the civilian population during each military engagement or a preparatory military operation. Regular armed forces or those forces attached to them distinguish themselves usually by wearing uniform. However, where because of the nature of hostilities
, they are unable to do so, they do not lose their combatant status provided that they carry their arms openly
[emphasis in original]