Republic of Moldova
Practice Relating to Rule 65. Perfidy
The Republic of Moldova’s Emblem Law (1999) defines “perfidious use” as “acts inviting the confidence of an adversary, with intent to betray it, to lead him to believe that he was entitled to, or was obliged to accord, protection provided for under the rules of international humanitarian law”.
The Republic of Moldova’s Emblem Law (1999) provides: “The perfidious use of the emblem of the red cross as a protective device in time of armed conflict is considered as a war crime and shall be punished in conformity with the criminal legislation.”
The Republic of Moldova’s Penal Code (2002) punishes the “perfidious use of the Red Cross emblem, as well as of the distinctive signs as protective elements during an armed conflict, provided that this has caused: a) a grave injury to body or health; b) death of a person”.