Republic of Moldova
Practice Relating to Rule 108. Mercenaries
The Republic of Moldova’s Penal Code (2002) defines a mercenary as:
a person acting in the territory of a state involved in an armed conflict or in military hostilities with the aim to receive material gains, while not being a national of the said state, not having a permanent residence on the territory of the latter and not being under the duty to exercise official obligations.
The Republic of Moldova’s Criminal Code (2002) punishes “[p]articipation of a mercenary in an armed conflict or hostilities … with imprisonment for a term of 5 to 15 years”.