相关规则
Sri Lanka
Practice Relating to Rule 55. Access for Humanitarian Relief to Civilians in Need
Sri Lanka’s Emergency (Prevention and Prohibition of Terrorism and Specified Terrorist Activities) Regulations (2006) states:
6. No person or groups of persons either incorporated or unincorporated including an organization, shall either individually or as a group or groups or through other persons engage in:–
(a) terrorism, or
(b) any specified terrorist activity, or
(c) any other activity in furtherance of any act of terrorism or specified terrorist activity committed by any person, group or groups of persons.
7. No person shall:–
(a) wear, display, hoist or possess the uniform, dress, symbol, emblem, or flag of;
(b) summon, convene, conduct or take part in a meeting of;
(c) obtain membership or join;
(d) harbour, conceal, assist a member, cadre or any other associate of;
(e) promote, encourage, support, advice, assist, act on behalf of; or
(f) organize or take part in any activity or event of, any person, group, groups of persons or an organization which acts in contravention of regulation 6 of these regulations.
8. No person shall engage in any transaction in any manner whatsoever, including contributing, providing, donating, selling, buying, hiring, leasing, receiving, making available, funding, distributing or lending materially or otherwise, to any person, group or groups of persons either incorporated or unincorporated, or with a member, cadre or associate of such a person, group or groups of persons, which acts in contravention of regulations 6 and 7 of these regulations;
Provided however, for the purposes of facilitating the development of a peaceful political solution, termination of terrorism or specified terrorist activity, maintenance of supplies and services essential to the life of the community, conducting developmental activities, or for any other lawful purpose, it shall be lawful for any person including a national or international governmental or non-governmental organization, to in good faith and with the written approval of the Competent Authority appointed in terms of these regulations, engage in any approved transaction, with a person or group or groups of persons who are acting in contravention of regulations 6 or 7 hereof;
Provided further, it shall not be necessary to obtain such approval of the Competent Authority in order to provide emergency medical treatment or medical assistance to any person who may be acting in contravention of regulations 6 and 7 hereof.
16. The Competent Authority … shall with a view to facilitating a peaceful political solution, termination of terrorism or specified terrorist activities, the maintenance of supplies and services essential to the life of the community, provision of humanitarian assistance, conduct of developmental activities, or for any other lawful purpose, grant approval either unconditionally or subject to stipulated conditions, to any person, group or groups of persons, to engage in any stipulated lawful transaction with any other person, group or groups of persons who may be acting in contravention of regulations 6 or 7 of these regulations. 
Sri Lanka, Emergency (Prevention and Prohibition of Terrorism and Specified Terrorist Activities) Regulations, 2006, §§ 6–8 and 16.
In 2008, in its initial report to the Committee on the Rights of the Child under the 2000 Optional Protocol on the Involvement of Children in Armed Conflict, Sri Lanka stated:
83. In accordance with resolution 1612 and Section VI, paragraph 2 of the Terms of Reference of the Working Group on the Security Council on children and armed conflict, the TFMR [Task Force for Monitoring and Reporting] will focus on violations against children affected by armed conflict …
84. … [V]iolations and abuses committed against children affected by armed conflict including … denial of humanitarian access for children will … be addressed.
90. The Government is taking practical measures to address the issue of humanitarian access to children and civilian population affected by armed conflict. The high-level Consultative Committee on Humanitarian Assistance (CCHA) chaired by the Minister of Disaster Management and Human Rights and attended by the key Government officials such as the Secretary to the Ministry of Defence and Secretary to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, heads of several UN Agencies, and Heads of Mission of several key donor countries and European Union, facilitates early clearances of requests for access and humanitarian assistance, as well as resolution of any issues or concerns that arise as a result of developments on the ground. Special attention is given to child related issues. 
Sri Lanka, Initial report to the Committee on the Rights of the Child under the Optional Protocol on the Involvement of Children in Armed Conflict, 15 February 2010, UN Doc. CRC/C/OPAC/LKA/1, submitted 16 June 2008, §§ 83–84 and 90.
In 2008, in its initial report to the Committee on the Rights of the Child under the 2000 Optional Protocol on the Involvement of Children in Armed Conflict, Sri Lanka stated:
36. The former Special Representative of the [UN] Secretary-General on Children and Armed Conflict Mr. Olara Otunnu was invited by the Government to visit Sri Lanka in May 1998, to add strength to the advocacy campaign against child recruitment. … The LTTE [Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam] made the following commitments in relation to children in armed conflict to Mr. Otunnu during his meeting with the LTTE[:]
(c) The LTTE … made a commitment not to interfere with the distribution of humanitarian supplies targeted for the affected civilians, and accepted that a framework to monitor this process should be enforced …
37. These commitments were not implemented by the LTTE. …
109. Children vulnerable to recruitment in the war affected areas have had continued access to immunization services. National Immunisation Days were carried out in conflict areas even during the height of the conflict, in the 1990s. These activities were undertaken through the organisation of “Days of Tranquillity” and “Corridors of Peace” by the Government and Ministry of Health in collaboration with UNICEF and civil society organizations such as Rotary. The programme enabled parents to bring their children to immunisation centres. All services were provided by local Ministry of Health staff. INGOs [international NGOs] and NGOs in addition to Rotary helped in such activities, including ICRC and UNHCR. The LTTE did not create barriers to such activities at that time. 
Sri Lanka, Initial report to the Committee on the Rights of the Child under the Optional Protocol on the Involvement of Children in Armed Conflict, 15 February 2010, UN Doc. CRC/C/OPAC/LKA/1, submitted 16 June 2008, §§ 36(c), 37 and 109.
[footnote in original omitted]