Practice Relating to Rule 157. Jurisdiction over War Crimes
Sri Lanka’s Geneva Conventions Act (2006) states:
2. (1) Any person, whether a citizen of Sri Lanka or not, who within or outside Sri Lanka —
(a) commits or attempts to commit; or
(b) aids, abets, conspires or procures the commission by any other person of, a grave breach in terms of the relevant Articles of the [1949 Geneva] Conventions as are set out in Schedule I, Schedule II, Schedule III and Schedule IV to this Act and are also enumerated in subsection (2) of this section, shall be guilty of an offence.
3. Subject to the provisions of section 6, every prosecution for an offence in terms of section 2 shall be by way of direct indictment filed by the Attorney-General.
The Act includes the following paragraph from the 1949 Geneva Conventions:
The High Contracting Parties undertake to enact any legislation necessary to provide effective penal sanctions for persons committing, or ordering the commission of any of the grave breaches.