Practice Relating to Rule 22. The Principle of Precautions against the Effects of Attacks
Section A. Precautions to protect the civilian population, civilians and civilian objects
According to the Report on the Practice of Kuwait (1997), great attention has been paid to the issue of precautions in Kuwait after the invasion by Iraq and this task has been given to the civil defence authorities. The report notes that, pursuant to Kuwait’s Civil Defence Decree (1979), this task includes the following measures: alerting the civilian population in case of aerial bombardment, preparation of public shelters and preparation and execution of evacuation plans.
The Report on the Practice of Kuwait states that it is the opinio juris
of Kuwait that “all States have a duty to adopt measures to eliminate/minimise the effects of war in order to protect humanity”, including exceptional measures to protect civilians and to ensure the continuity of public services during the exceptional situation of war.