Practice Relating to Rule 130. Transfer of Own Civilian Population into Occupied Territory
In a series of letters to the UN Secretary-General between August and October 1990, Kuwait complained about the following actions carried out by Iraqi authorities in occupied Kuwait:
–Iraqi forces arrested Kuwaiti nationals and others, and transferred them to Bagdad.
–Transportation to Kuwait of large numbers or Iraqi families for the purposes of settlement and alteration of the country’s demographic structure.
–In its efforts to change the demographic structure of Kuwait and erase the very identity of the country, Iraqi occupation forces have embarked on the application and execution of a novel practice of: depopulating Kuwait from its own inhabitants, confiscating identification documents, and settling Iraqi families in Kuwaiti homes.
–The invading Iraqi authorities have stepped up their campaign to change the demographic character of Kuwait by expanding their operation to expel Kuwaiti nationals from their homes in various areas of Kuwait and to replace them by Iraqi families brought to Kuwait from Iraq.
Kuwait qualified these acts as crimes.