Republic of Korea
Practice Relating to Rule 81. Restrictions on the Use of Landmines
The Republic of Korea’s Conventional Weapons Act (2001) provides:
The commander of the military unit that emplaces mines … must take all necessary measures including advance warning so as to prevent damage to the life, body, and property of the civilians residing in the vicinity.
The Act adds:
1. The Commander of the military unit that has emplaced mines or controls over the mine-emplaced area that can potentially harm civilians (herein after referred to as “minefield”) must place warning signs that fulfil the conditions specified in the attached material in or around the minefield.
2. The Commander of the military unit that holds jurisdiction over the minefield with non remotely-delivered anti-personnel mines which do not fulfil the conditions of Article 3, paragraph 3, must take the necessary precautions and measures to deny access of civilians in addition to the warning sign as stipulated in Article 1. However, an exceptional case would be: if the angle of flight taken by the fragment is less than 90 degrees from the horizontal level, the use of the anti-personnel mine occurs within 72 hours since it has been placed and the military unit that emplaced the anti-personnel mine is adjacent.
3. No one is allowed to remove, damage, destroy, hide or otherwise undermine the proper utility of the warning signs placed as per the Article 1.
In 2000, during a debate in the First Committee of the UN General Assembly, the Republic of Korea stated that it was intending to accede to the 1980 Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons and the 1996 Amended Protocol II to the Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons.