Republic of Korea
Practice Relating to Rule 37. Open Towns and Non-Defended Localities
The Republic of Korea’s Military Regulation 187 (1991) qualifies “attacks against non-defended localities” as a war crime.
The Republic of Korea’s Operational Law Manual (1996) states that attacks on undefended cities, towns, houses and buildings are prohibited.
The Republic of Korea’s ICC Act (2007) provides for the punishment of anyone who commits the war crime of “[d]irecting attacks … against undefended towns, villages, dwellings or buildings” in both international and non-international armed conflicts.