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Kenya
Practice Relating to Rule 6. Civilians’ Loss of Protection from Attack
Section A. Direct participation in hostilities
Kenya’s LOAC Manual (1997) states that civilians lose their protection from attack “when they take a direct part in hostilities”. 
Kenya, Law of Armed Conflict, Military Basic Course (ORS), 4 Précis, The School of Military Police, 1997, Précis No. 2, p. 10.