Practice Relating to Rule 3. Definition of Combatants
Kenya’s LOAC Manual (1997) states that the term combatant means “any member of the armed forces except medical personnel and religious personnel. As a member of the armed forces, he is permitted by the law of war to take a direct part in an armed conflict on behalf of a belligerent State or Party to the conflict.”
The manual further specifies:
Medical and religious personnel have a special status and are classified as non-combatants … Civilians accompanying the armed forces such as war correspondents, supply contractors and members of the labour units or of welfare services are not combatants.