Practice Relating to Rule 122. Pillage of the Personal Belongings of Persons Deprived of Their Liberty
Japan’s Law concerning the Treatment of Prisoners of War and Other Detainees in Armed Attack Situations (2004) states:
(1) In cases where a designated unit commander or a recognition officer of internment status has taken delivery of a captive person … the said commander or the said officer may retain the cash and articles (hereinafter referred to as “cash and articles”) the captive person carries at the time of his/her delivery; provided, however, that such articles set forth hereunder shall not be retained:
(i) Articles exclusively for personal protection, such as metal helmets and gas masks;
(ii) Uniforms, identification cards, rank badges and other badges of status or position, decorations and other badges indicative of achievements;
(iii) Personal articles provided by an Ordinance of the Ministry of Defense in addition to what is listed in the preceding two items.
(2) In cases of retaining the cash and articles pursuant to the provision of the preceding paragraph, a receipt shall be issued to the person who has taken delivery as prescribed in the preceding paragraph.