Practice Relating to Rule 50. Destruction and Seizure of Property of an Adversary
Jordan’s Military Criminal Code (1952) punishes “any member [of the armed forces] … who intentionally destroys or damages any property without having received the order of his superior officer to do so”.
Jordan’s Military Penal Code (2002) states that the following shall be deemed a war crime when committed in the event of armed conflict: “Extensive destruction and appropriation of property not justified by military necessity and carried out unlawfully and wantonly”.
In a memorandum entitled “International Law Providing Protection to the Environment in Times of Armed Conflict” submitted to the Sixth Committee of the UN General Assembly in 1992 prior to the adoption of Resolution 47/37, Jordan and the United States stated, inter alia:
It is a grave breach of international humanitarian law, and is a war crime, as set out in article 147 of the Fourth Geneva Convention of 1949, to extensively destroy and appropriate property when not justified by military necessity and carried out unlawfully and wantonly.