Practice Relating to Rule 92. Mutilation and Medical, Scientific or Biological Experiments
Italy’s IHL Manual (1991) provides that, in occupied territories, civilians shall not be subjected to “mutilations, medical or scientific experiments not indicated by their state of health”.
Italy’s Wartime Military Penal Code (1941), as amended in 2002, states:
Except when the fact constitutes a more serious offence, the serviceman who, for reasons associated with the war, is guilty of torture or inhuman treatment … or other conduct prohibited by international conventions, including biological experiments or medical treatments not justified by health conditions, against war prisoners, civilians or other persons protected by international conventions, is punished with two to five years military imprisonment.