Practice Relating to Rule 93. Rape and Other Forms of Sexual Violence
Israel’s Manual on the Laws of War (1998) states: “The rationale behind the law of war is that even in the midst of the inferno, there are grave deeds [such as rape] that must not be committed.” It recalls the definition of crimes against humanity contained in the 1998 ICC Statute, stating: “Crimes against humanity were defined as the systematic harming of a civilian population, which includes deeds such as: … rape”.
Israel’s Manual on the Rules of Warfare (2006) states:
Even if it appears that in war everything is permissible and there is no differentiating between a moral and an immoral act, even in the heat of battle there are actions that are considered unacceptable (rape, the torturing of prisoners-of-war, medical experiments) and it is on these that the rules of warfare are based. Although the rules of warfare do not entirely prevent the horrors of war, they draw a line in the sand that must not be crossed, even in war.
The Manual on the Rules of Warfare (2006) is a second edition of the Manual on the Laws of War (1998).
Israel’s Nazis and Nazi Collaborators (Punishment) Law (1950) includes “imposing measures intended to prevent births among Jews” in its definition of genocide.