Practice Relating to Rule 59. Improper Use of the Distinctive Emblems of the Geneva Conventions
Israel’s Manual on the Rules of Warfare (2006) states: “It is forbidden to harm those wearing the Red Cross symbol or to make false use of this insignia.”
The manual further states: “The deceitful use of the insignia of a medical team (a red cross, crescent or star of David) is also prohibited.”
The Manual on the Rules of Warfare (2006) is a second edition of the Manual on the Laws of War (1998).
Israel’s Red Shield of David Law (1950) provides:
(a) No person shall make any use of the emblem of the [Red Shield of David in Israel] Society or an emblem so similar to it as to be misleading or an emblem containing the words “Magen David Adom”, whether for the purpose of a business or trade or for any other purpose, except by permission of the Society.
(b) No person shall make any use of any emblem recognised by the  Geneva Conventions as a distinctive emblem of the medical services of the armed forces, unless he is authorised by these Conventions or by permission of the Minister of Health to use it.
(c) A person contravening the provisions of this section is liable to imprisonment.