Practice Relating to Rule 116. Accounting for the Dead
Section E. Information concerning the dead
Israel’s Manual on the Laws of War (1998) states:
It is incumbent on each party to keep a record of a fallen soldier’s personal details and particulars of death, and hand over to the other side half of the dog-tag worn by the fallen soldier … as well as a death certificate.
Israel’s Manual on the Rules of Warfare (2006) states:
Each side has the duty to record details of the fallen and details of the death, and to send to the other side half the identity tag worn by the fallen, his personal possessions and the death certificate. The Additional Protocols indicate the right of the families to know the fate of [their relatives] and provide that each side is required to search for the enemy’s missing in action and allow access to search parties.
The Manual on the Rules of Warfare (2006) is a second edition of the Manual on the Laws of War (1998).