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Croatia
Practice Relating to Rule 96. Hostage-Taking
Croatia’s LOAC Compendium (1991) provides that “hostage-taking” is a grave breach of IHL and a war crime. 
Croatia, Compendium “Law of Armed Conflicts”, Republic of Croatia, Ministry of Defence, 1991, Annex 9, p. 56.
Croatia’s Soldiers’ Manual (1992) explicitly forbids civilian hostage-taking. 
Croatia, Rules of Conduct for Soldiers, Republic of Croatia, Ministry of Defence, 1992, p. 5.
Croatia’s Criminal Code (1997) provides that hostage-taking is a war crime. 
Croatia, Criminal Code, 1997, Articles 158 and 171.