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Croatia
Practice Relating to Rule 53. Starvation as a Method of Warfare
Under Croatia’s LOAC Compendium (1991), starvation is a prohibited method of warfare. 
Croatia, Compendium “Law of Armed Conflicts”, Republic of Croatia, Ministry of Defence, 1991, p. 40.
Under Croatia’s Criminal Code (1997), the imposition of “starvation of the population” is a war crime. 
Croatia, Criminal Code, 1997, Article 158(1).
Croatia’s Criminal Code (1997), as amended to 2006, states that a war crime is committed by: “Whoever violates the rules of international law in time of war, armed conflict or occupation and orders … or subjects [the population] to … starvation”. 
Croatia, Criminal Code, 1997, as amended to 2006, Article 158(1).
In the Perišić and Others case before a Croatian district court in 1997, after a trial in absentia, several persons were convicted of ordering the shelling of the city of Zadar and its surroundings. The judgment was based, inter alia, on Article 14 of the 1977 Additional Protocol II, as incorporated in Article 120(1) of Croatia’s Criminal Code of 1993. 
Croatia, District Court of Zadar, Perišić and Others case, Judgment, 24 April 1997.