Practice Relating to Rule 45. Causing Serious Damage to the Natural Environment
Croatia’s Criminal Code (1997), in a part dealing with “war crimes against the civilian population”, provides for the punishment of:
whoever, in violation of the rules of international law in times of war, armed conflict or occupation, orders … long-term and widespread damage to the natural environment which can prejudice the health or survival of the population. Such punishment shall also be imposed on whoever commits [such] acts.
Croatia’s Criminal Code (1997), as amended to 2006, states that a war crime is committed by:
Whoever violates the rules of international law in time of war, armed conflict or occupation by ordering [or committing] an attack … which results in extensive and long-lasting damage to the environment and may impair the population’s health.