Practice Relating to Rule 142. Instruction in International Humanitarian Law within Armed Forces
Croatia’s Commanders’ Manual (1992) states: “Law of war training has to be integrated into normal military activity.”
Croatia’s Emblem Law (1993) provides:
In accordance with the commitments made on [the] international level concerning the promotion of [the 1949] Geneva Conventions, it is necessary to elaborate adequate programmes and ensure their implementation among:
–members of [the] armed forces of the Republic of Croatia – Ministry of Defence.
In 1999, the Croatian Ministry of Defence, in conjunction with the ICRC, held a seminar on the law of armed conflict for senior officers.
According to the Report on the Practice of Croatia, training in IHL is provided in the Military Academy and during military service.
In 2006, in its initial report to the Committee on the Rights of the Child under the Optional Protocol on the Involvement of Children in Armed Conflict, Croatia stated:
[T]he education curricula of the officers of the Croatian Armed Forces include topics relating to the treatment of civilians in armed conflicts. Within this education the following issues are dealt with:
- General principles and starting points of the Geneva and the Hague Conventions;
- Basic prohibitions concerning the objective, weapons and tactics of the armed forces;
- Proper treatment of prisoners of war and other prisoners and members of protected categories.
Croatia’s Commanders’ Manual (1992) states: “The commander himself ensures that his subordinates are aware of their obligations under the law of war and respect them.” It adds that “the commander is responsible for proper law of war training” and that “the superior is the normal instructor of his subordinates also for law of war training”.