Practice Relating to Rule 142. Instruction in International Humanitarian Law within Armed Forces
At the 27th International Conference of the Red Cross and Red Crescent in 1999, Guatemala pledged to “pursue its policy to train armed forces members in international humanitarian law, with the help of the ICRC’s training guidelines and material”.
In 2006, in its initial report to the Committee on the Rights of the Child under the Optional Protocol on the Involvement of Children in Armed Conflict, Guatemala stated:
160. One of the recommendations made by the Commission for Historical Clarification in Guatemala, which was established under the peace agreements, was that the provisions of international humanitarian law should be widely circulated in peacetime to all sections of the population, and particularly to the armed forces.
161. In implementation of that recommendation, and as part of the internal reforms that included a reorientation of army studies and training, instruction in international humanitarian law has been expanded to ensure that the law is properly applied. At the same time, courses have been given in international human rights standards, an important aspect of which is a knowledge of the international covenants and conventions and their application.