United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
Practice Relating to Rule 107. Spies
Section A. Definition of spies
The UK LOAC Pamphlet (1981) defines spies as “persons who, acting clandestinely or on false pretences, gather information in the territory of a belligerent with intent to communicate it to the enemy”.
The UK LOAC Manual (2004) defines a spy as a “person who, acting clandestinely or on false pretences obtains or endeavours to obtain information in territory controlled by an adverse party, with the intention of communicating it to the opposing party”.