Practice Relating to Rule 44. Due Regard for the Natural Environment in Military Operations
In its written statement submitted to the ICJ in the Nuclear Weapons case
in 1995, France denied the existence in contemporary international law, either as lex lata
or as lex ferenda
, of a customary principle concerning the protection of the environment in time of armed conflict. It also indicated its view that in general none of the multilateral environmental agreements were applicable in times of armed conflict.