Practice Relating to Rule 141. Legal Advisers for Armed Forces
France’s LOAC Manual (2001) provides:
Legal advisers present in external areas of operations are required to assist the command in order to take into account these legal parameters [i.e. of the law of armed conflict] in the planning and conduct of operations.
In 2008, in its fourth to sixth periodic reports to the Committee against Torture, France stated:
French military personnel … receive oral instructions in that regard [prohibition of torture, duty to disobey unlawful orders by a superior officer and obligations regarding the treatment of the wounded, ill and shipwrecked] in the theatre of operations, in particular through the presence of a legal adviser alongside the troop commander.