Practice Relating to Rule 113. Treatment of the Dead
Section A. Respect for the dead
Under Ethiopia’s Penal Code (1957), it is a punishable offence to “mutilate a dead person”.
Ethiopia’s Criminal Code (2004) states:
Article 275.- Dereliction of Duty Towards the Enemy.
Whoever, in time of war and contrary to public international law and humanitarian conventions:
(b) mutilates a dead person; or
(d) orders one of the above acts,
is punishable with rigorous imprisonment, or, in cases of exceptional gravity, with life imprisonment or death.
The Criminal Code of 2004 repealed Ethiopia’s Penal Code of 1957.