Practice Relating to Rule 111. Protection of the Wounded, Sick and Shipwrecked against Pillage and Ill-Treatment
Under Ethiopia’s Penal Code (1957), “whosoever … lays hands on or does violence to a wounded [or] sick … enemy on the field of battle, with intent to rob or plunder him” commits a crime. The Code also provides for the punishment of the ill-treatment of the wounded and sick.
Ethiopia’s Criminal Code (2004) states:
Article 275.- Dereliction of Duty Towards the Enemy.
Whoever, in time of war and contrary to public international law and humanitarian conventions:
(c) lays hands on or does violence to a wounded [or] sick … enemy on the field of battle, with intent to rob or plunder him; or
(d) orders one of the above acts,
is punishable with rigorous imprisonment, or, in cases of exceptional gravity, with life imprisonment or death.
The Criminal Code of 2004 repealed Ethiopia’s Penal Code of 1957.