Practice Relating to Rule 6. Civilians’ Loss of Protection from Attack
Section C. Situations of doubt as to the character of a person
Spain’s LOAC Manual (1996) contains a rule identical to that in Article 50(1) of the 1977 Additional Protocol I.
Spain’s LOAC Manual (2007) states: “If there is any doubt about whether a person is a civilian or not, that person must be presumed to be a civilian.”