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Egypt
Practice Relating to Rule 6. Civilians’ Loss of Protection from Attack
The Report on the Practice of Egypt (1997) states that according to Egypt’s Military Criminal Code, “armed gangs and rebels” are considered to be “enemies”. 
Report on the Practice of Egypt, 1997, Chapter 1.1, referring to Military Criminal Code, 1966, Article 85 and its explanatory memorandum.
The Report on the Practice of Egypt notes that the immunity from attack granted to the civilian population – provided that civilians do not participate in military operations – is justified by the “dictates of humanity and the cultural and civilian heritage of all nations and peoples”. 
Report on the Practice of Egypt, 1997, Chapter 1.2.
On the basis of a proposal submitted by Egypt during the CDDH, the Report on the Practice of Egypt states: “To ensure more protection for civilians, Egypt is of the opinion that in case of doubt as to whether a person is a civilian, he or she shall be deemed to be so.” 
Report on the Practice of Egypt, 1997, Chapter 1.1, referring to Statement by Egypt at the CDDH, Official Records, Vol. IV, CDDH/III/33, 15 March 1974, p. 73.