Practice Relating to Rule 96. Hostage-Taking
Djibouti’s Disciplinary Regulations (1982) states: “It is prohibited for combatants to … take hostages”.
Djibouti’s Manual on International Humanitarian Law (2004) states with regard to civilians that “taking hostages” is “prohibited”.
The manual also states that the following “are currently considered as war crimes … if committed against any person not or no longer participating in hostilities: … taking hostages”.
In 2010, in the History and Geography Textbook for 8th Grade, Djibouti’s Ministry of National Education and Higher Education, under the heading “Basic rules of IHL” and in a section on “Weapons and tactics”, stated: “The taking of hostages is prohibited.”
In 2011, in the History and Geography Textbook for 9th Grade, Djibouti’s Ministry of National Education and Vocational Training, under the heading “[O]ffences related to violations of humanitarian law”, listed “hostage taking”.