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Djibouti
Practice Relating to Rule 74. Chemical Weapons
In 2013, a position paper submitted by the Islamic Republic of Iran to the Third Special Session of the Conference of States Parties to Review the Operation of the Chemical Weapons Convention (Third Review Conference) on behalf of the Member States of the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) that are States Parties to the 1993 Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC), including Djibouti, and China, noted:
2. Preamble and international security
2.2 The NAM CWC States Parties and China reiterate their long-standing principled position for the achievement of general and complete disarmament, under strict and effective international control, including the prohibition of all weapons of mass destruction.
3. Destruction of chemical weapons and destruction or conversion of chemical weapons production facilities
3.1 The NAM CWC States Parties and China call for the destruction of all categories of chemical weapons by the possessor States Parties and reiterate the importance of the total elimination of all types of weapons of mass destruction, in line with the first preambular paragraph of the Convention.
3.5 The NAM CWC States Parties and China reiterate that the obligation and responsibility regarding the destruction of chemical weapons lie solely with the possessor States Parties, and that fulfilment of this obligation is essential to the achievement of the object and purpose of the Convention. 
Djibouti, Position paper submitted by the Islamic Republic of Iran to the Third Special Session of the Conference of States Parties to Review the Operation of the Chemical Weapons Convention (Third Review Conference) on behalf of the Member States of the Non-Aligned Movement that are States Parties to the Chemical Weapons Convention, including Djibouti, and China, 8 April 2013, §§ 2.2, 3.1 and 3.5.
In 2013, in a statement at the Third Special Session of the Conference of States Parties to Review the Operation of the Chemical Weapons Convention (Third Review Conference) on behalf of the Member States of the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) that are States Parties to the 1993 Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC), including Djibouti, and China, the representative of the Islamic Republic of Iran stated:
The existence of weapons of mass destruction continues to pose a threat to international peace and security. The NAM CWC States Parties and China therefore call for the general and complete disarmament under [a] strict and effective verification regime, including the prohibition and elimination of all weapons of mass destruction in line with the first preambular paragraph of the Convention.
The NAM CWC States Parties and China call for the total destruction of all categories of chemical weapons by the possessor States Parties …
It is important that the Third Review Conference call upon the major possessor States to take every necessary measure to ensure the completion of destruction of their chemical weapons stockpiles in the shortest time possible.
We further call upon all the other States Parties that possess old chemical weapons to also complete their destruction of these chemical weapons in the shortest time possible.
… [T]he NAM CWC States Parties and China are fully committed to their obligations under the Convention. We look forward to the elimination of an entire category of weapons of mass destruction in the shortest time possible. 
Djibouti, Statement by the representative of the Islamic Republic of Iran at the Third Special Session of the Conference of States Parties to Review the Operation of the Chemical Weapons Convention (Third Review Conference) on behalf of the Member States of the Non-Aligned Movement that are States Parties to the Chemical Weapons Convention, including Djibouti, and China, 8 April 2013, pp. 2, 3 and 6.
The representative of the Islamic Republic of Iran further stated:
The NAM CWC States Parties and China express their deep concern that chemical weapons may have been used in the Syrian Arab Republic. We underline that the use of chemical weapons by anyone under any circumstances would be reprehensible and completely contrary to the legal norms and standards of the international community. 
Djibouti, Statement by the representative of the Islamic Republic of Iran at the Third Special Session of the Conference of States Parties to Review the Operation of the Chemical Weapons Convention (Third Review Conference) on behalf of the Member States of the Non-Aligned Movement that are States Parties to the Chemical Weapons Convention, including Djibouti, and China, 8 April 2013, p. 4.
In 2013, in a statement at the Third Special Session of the Conference of States Parties to Review the Operation of the Chemical Weapons Convention (Third Review Conference) on behalf of the African Group of States Parties to the 1993 Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC), including Djibouti, the representative of the Republic of the Sudan stated: “[T]he African Group of States Parties to the CWC are fully committed to their obligations under the Convention, and are looking forward to the elimination of an entire category of weapons of mass destruction in the shortest time possible”. 
Djibouti, Statement by the representative of the Republic of the Sudan at the Third Special Session of the Conference of States Parties to Review the Operation of the Chemical Weapons Convention (Third Review Conference) on behalf of the African Group of States Parties to the Chemical Weapons Convention, including Djibouti, 8 April 2013, p. 5.
In 2015, in a statement at the Twentieth Session of the Conference of the States Parties to the Chemical Weapons Convention on behalf of the Member States of the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) that are States Parties to the 1993 Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC), including Djibouti, and China, the permanent representative of the Islamic Republic of Iran stated:
The existence of weapons of mass destruction continues to pose a threat to international peace and security. Consequently, the NAM CWC States Parties and China reiterate their long-standing principled position toward the achievement of general and complete disarmament, under strict and effective international control, including the prohibition and elimination of all weapons of mass destruction in line with the first paragraph of the preamble of the Convention.
The NAM CWC States Parties and China continue to underline that the use of chemical weapons and toxic chemicals as a weapon anywhere by anyone and under any circumstances is reprehensible and completely contrary to the provisions of the [1993 Chemical Weapons] Convention, legal norms and standards of the international community. We also affirm that those responsible for the use of chemical weapons should be held accountable.
The NAM CWC States Parties and China stress that the total destruction of chemical weapons stockpiles, old chemical weapons and abandoned chemical weapons, is a fundamental pillar of the Convention.
Noting with serious concern that the final extended deadline (29 April 2012) for the destruction of chemical weapons was not met by certain possessor States Parties, the NAM CWC States Parties and China stress that the destruction of chemical weapons is the fundamental and top priority of the Organisation and urge all possessor States Parties to take all necessary measures to ensure their compliance with the provisions of the Convention and relevant decisions of the policy-making organs.
In this regard, we welcome the anticipated completion of destruction of the remaining chemical weapons in four chemical weapons destruction facilities in the Russian Federation by the end of 2015.
We also wish to emphasise the determination expressed by the Third Review Conference that the destruction of all categories of chemical weapons, namely old chemical weapons, abandoned chemical weapons and chemical weapons stockpiles shall be completed in the shortest possible time in accordance with the provisions of the Convention and its Annex on Implementation and Verification, and with the full application of the relevant decisions adopted by the policy-making organs.
We welcome the visit by the Chairperson and representatives of the Executive Council to the Haerbaling abandoned chemical weapons [ACWs] destruction site in China in June 2015. We believe such visits facilitate the Council to obtain a better understanding and assist in the process of the destruction of the ACWs.
The NAM CWC States Parties and China attach great importance to the universality of the Convention and we welcome Myanmar and Angola as the new States Parties to the Convention. In this regard we hereby strongly call on remaining States not Party to the Convention to accede to it without further delay and preconditions. We also emphasise that states remaining outside the Convention should not be able to take advantage of any of the benefits it offers to the States Parties.
Recalling the decisions of the Executive Council at its meetings with respect to the elimination and destruction of the Syrian chemical weapons and welcoming the cooperation of the Syrian Arab Republic regarding the implementation of the relevant Executive Council decisions towards the elimination of its chemical weapons, the NAM CWC States Parties and China welcome the significant progress achieved in the elimination of the Syrian chemical weapons and in the destruction of the chemical weapons production facilities.
While paying due respect to all chemical weapons victims and their families, the NAM CWC States Parties and China, in light of the decision adopted by the Conference of the States Parties at its Sixteenth Session (C-16/DEC.13, dated 2 December 2011), appreciate the States Parties and the Director-General who contributed to the Trust Fund for the International Support Network for Victims of Chemical Weapons. We welcome the activation and activities of the International Support Network for Victims of Chemical Weapons and encourage the States Parties to contribute to its Voluntary Trust Fund.
The NAM CWC States Parties and China encourage the States Parties to facilitate and make materials and equipment-related assistance available to other States Parties and to assist and support the victims of chemical weapons, without undue restrictions.
With regard to the future priorities of the Organisation, the NAM CWC States Parties and China believe that the main focus of the Organisation should remain the complete elimination of all categories of chemical weapons. We will take active part in the discussions to be held in this regard from a constructive position, with a strong belief that all pillars of the Convention would be treated in a balanced manner, including the ones related to international cooperation, assistance and protection issues, amongst others.
The NAM CWC States Parties and China are deeply concerned about recent reports on the use of chemical weapons and toxic chemicals in terrorist attacks and call upon the Technical Secretariat to investigate all reports on the use of chemical weapons and to keep the States Parties informed about steps taken.  
Djibouti, Statement by the permanent representative of the Islamic Republic of Iran at the Twentieth Session of the Conference of the States Parties to the Chemical Weapons Convention on behalf of the Member States of the Non-Aligned Movement that are States Parties to the Chemical Weapons Convention, including Djibouti, and China, 30 November 2015, pp. 1–2 and 4–5.
In 2016, in a statement at the Twenty-First Session of the Conference of the States Parties to the Chemical Weapons Convention on behalf of the Member States of the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) that are States Parties to the 1993 Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC), including Djibouti, and China, the permanent representative of Venezuela stated:
The existence of weapons of mass destruction continues to pose a threat to international peace and security. Consequently, the Non-Aligned Movement and China reiterate their long-standing principled position toward the achievement of general and complete disarmament, under strict and effective international control, including the prohibition and elimination of all weapons of mass destruction in line with the first paragraph of the preamble of the [1993 Chemical Weapons] Convention.
The Non-Aligned Movement and China continue to underline that the use of chemical weapons and toxic chemicals as a weapon anywhere by anyone and under any circumstances is reprehensible and completely contrary to the provisions of the Convention, legal norms and standards of the international community. We also affirm that those responsible for the use of chemical weapons should be held accountable.
The Non-Aligned Movement and China stress that the total destruction of chemical weapons stockpiles, old chemical weapons and abandoned chemical weapons, is a fundamental pillar of the Convention.
Noting with serious concern that the final extended deadline (29 April 2012) for the destruction of chemical weapons was not met by certain possessor States Parties, the Non-Aligned Movement and China stress that the destruction of chemical weapons is the fundamental and top priority of the Organisation and urge all possessor States Parties to take all necessary measures to ensure their compliance with the provisions of the Convention and relevant decisions of the policy-making organs.
In this regard, we welcome the completion of destruction of the remaining chemical weapons in four chemical weapons destruction facilities in the Russian Federation in 2015.
We also wish to emphasise the determination expressed by the Third Review Conference that the destruction of all categories of chemical weapons, namely old chemical weapons, abandoned chemical weapons and chemical weapons stockpiles shall be completed in the shortest possible time in accordance with the provisions of the Convention and its Annex on Implementation and Verification, and with the full application of the relevant decisions adopted by the policy-making organs.
The Non-Aligned Movement and China attach great importance to the universality of the Chemical Weapons Convention and strongly call on States not Party to the Convention to accede to it without further delay and preconditions. We also emphasise that States remaining outside the Convention should not be able to take advantage of any of the benefits it offers to the States Parties.
Recalling the decisions of the Executive Council at its meetings with respect to the elimination and destruction of the Syrian chemical weapons and welcoming the cooperation of the Syrian Arab Republic regarding the implementation of the relevant Executive Council decisions towards the elimination of its chemical weapons, the Non-Aligned Movement and China welcome the significant progress achieved in the elimination of the Syrian chemical weapons and in the destruction of the chemical weapons production facilities.
The Non-Aligned Movement and China are deeply concerned about reports on the use of chemical weapons and toxic chemicals in terrorist attacks and condemn the use of chemical weapons by terrorist groups against civilians in Syria and call upon the Technical Secretariat to investigate all reports on the use of chemical weapons and keep the States Parties informed about steps taken.
The Non-Aligned Movement and China condemn the use of the chemical weapons by terrorist groups in Iraq against the civilians of the city of Taza, Iraqi armed forces and Peshmerga, and are deeply concerned by the threats of the use of chemical weapons by terrorist groups.
The Non-Aligned Movement and China express its deep satisfaction following the announcement made by the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW), confirming the successful removal of precursors chemicals from Libya, on 27 August 2016, as part of an ongoing operation undertaken in close collaboration with the Libyan National Authority, to verifiably eliminate remaining chemical weapons stockpiles, in line with the obligation of Libya pursuant to the Chemical Weapons Convention.
With regard to the future priorities of the Organisation, the Non-Aligned Movement and China believe that the main focus of the Organisation should remain the complete elimination of all categories of chemical weapons. 
Djibouti, Statement by the permanent representative of Venezuela at the Twenty-First Session of the Conference of the States Parties to the Chemical Weapons Convention on behalf of the Member States of the Non-Aligned Movement that are States Parties to the Chemical Weapons Convention, including Djibouti, and China, The Hague, Netherlands, 28 November 2016, pp. 2–3 and 5.
In 2017, in a statement at the Twenty-Second Session of the Conference of the States Parties to the Chemical Weapons Convention on behalf of the Member States of the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) that are States Parties to the 1993 Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC), including Djibouti, and China, the permanent representative of Venezuela stated:
5. – The NAM CWC States Parties and China join the celebration of the Anniversary of the entry into force of the Chemical Weapons Convention, renew its commitment to the principles it inspires and encourage all to continue working together for a world free of chemical weapons. …
8. – The NAM CWC States Parties and China attach great importance to the universality of the Chemical Weapons Convention and strongly urge States not party to the Convention to accede to it without further delay and preconditions. We also emphasize that States remaining outside the Convention should not be able to take advantage of any of the benefits it offers to the States Parties.
9. – The existence and proliferation of weapons of mass destruction continues to pose a threat to international peace and security. Consequently, the NAM CWC States Parties and China reiterate their long-standing principled position toward the achievement of general and complete disarmament, under strict and effective international control, including the prohibition and elimination of all weapons of mass destruction in line with the first paragraph of the preamble of the Convention.
10. – The NAM CWC States Parties and China continue to underline that the use of chemical weapons and toxic chemicals as a weapon anywhere by anyone and under any circumstances is reprehensible and completely contrary to the provisions of the Convention, legal norms and standards of the international community. We also reaffirm that those responsible for the use of chemical weapons must be held accountable.
11. – The NAM CWC States Parties and China condemn the use of the chemical weapons by terrorist groups and are deeply concerned by the threats of the use of chemical weapons by them and request the Technical Secretariat to investigate in accordance with the relevant provisions of the Convention all reports on the use of chemical weapons and keep the States Parties informed accordingly.
13. – Noting with serious concern that the final extended deadline of April 2012 for the destruction of chemical weapons was not met by certain possessor States Parties, the NAM CWC States Parties and China stress that the destruction of chemical weapons is the fundamental and top priority of the Organization and urge all possessor States Parties to take all necessary measures to ensure their compliance with the provisions of the convention and relevant decisions of the Policy-Making Organs.
14. – The NAM CWC States Parties and China welcome the completion of the full destruction of the Chemical Weapons Stockpile possessed by the Russian Federation under OPCW [Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons] Verification.
15. – We also wish to emphasize the determination expressed by the Third Review Conference that the destruction of all categories of chemical weapons, namely old chemical weapons, abandoned chemical weapons and chemical weapons stockpiles … shall be completed in the shortest possible time in accordance with the provisions of the Convention and its Annex on Implementation and Verification, with the full application of the relevant decisions adopted by the Policy-Making Organs.
16. – We take note of the recent report (EC-87/DG.5, dated 24 November 2017)) by the Director-General on the status of the implementation of the plan for the destruction of Libya’s remaining Category II chemical weapons outside the territory of Libya.
18. – Recalling the decisions of the Executive Council with respect to the elimination and destruction of the Syrian chemical weapons, and the destruction of the Syrian chemical weapons production facilities, the NAM CWC States Parties and China welcome the substantive efforts made and progress achieved in this regard. We look forward to the continuation of a successful cooperation existing between the OPCW and the Syrian Arab Republic on all issues. 
Djibouti, Statement by the permanent representative of Venezuela at the Twenty-Second Session of the Conference of the States Parties to the Chemical Weapons Convention on behalf of the Member States of the Non-Aligned Movement that are States Parties to the Chemical Weapons Convention, including Djibouti, and China, 27 November 2017, pp. 1–2.
In 2017, in a statement at the Twenty-Second Session of the Conference of the States Parties to the Chemical Weapons Convention on behalf of the Group of African States Parties to the 1993 Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC), including Djibouti, the ambassador and permanent representative of South Africa stated:
7. By celebrating the 20th anniversary of our Organisation, the Continent’s commitment to a world free of Chemical Weapons remains more solid and strong, as reflected by the near-universal intake and absorption of the Chemical Weapons Convention. …
13. On the destruction of the rest of chemical weapons stockpiles, the African Group reiterates its long-standing principled position towards the achievement of complete disarmament in line with the Convention and the PMO’s [Policy-Making Organs’] decision, under strict and effective international control.
14. In this regard, the African Group commends the achievements made in relation to the process of destruction of the remaining Category II chemical weapons in Libya, in line with its obligations pursuant to the Convention.
15. The African Group reiterates its appreciation to the Russian Federation for the full destruction of its Chemical Weapons Stockpile, under OPCW [the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons] Verification. In this regard, we encourage the complete destruction of all remaining chemical weapons stockpiles, as soon as possible.
16. The African Group welcomes the complete destruction of all chemical weapons declared by the Syrian Arab Republic. It also notes the progress concerning the destruction of all facilities in this State Party.
17. We highlight the importance of the continuous dialogue between the Syrian Arab Republic and the Technical Secretariat on all pending issues, and look forward to positive outcomes of this cooperation. Furthermore, we encourage both parties to continue the implementation of the relevant Executive Council decisions.
24. The African Group is aware that the re-emergence of chemical weapons and the threat of chemical terrorism are some of the main challenges for the Organisation.  
Djibouti, Statement by the ambassador and permanent representative of South Africa at the Twenty-Second Session of the Conference of the States Parties to the Chemical Weapons Convention on behalf of the Group of African States Parties to the Chemical Weapons Convention, including Djibouti, The Hague, Netherlands, 28 November 2017, pp. 2–4.