Practice Relating to Rule 151. Individual Responsibility
Costa Rica’s Penal Code (1970), as amended in 2002, provides for the punishment of offences such as acts of genocide and “other punishable acts against human rights and international humanitarian law, provided for in the treaties adhered to by Costa Rica or in this Code”.
Under another provision entitled “War crimes”, the Penal Code also provides for the punishment of:
Whoever, in the event of an armed conflict, commits or orders to be committed acts which can be qualified as grave breaches or war crimes, in conformity with the provisions of international treaties to which Costa Rica is a party, regarding the conduct of hostilities, the protection of the wounded, sick and shipwrecked, the treatment of prisoners of war, the protection of civilian persons and the protection of cultural property, [applicable] in cases of armed conflict, and under any other instrument of international humanitarian law.
The Penal Code as amended further provides for the punishment of crimes against humanity.