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China
Practice Relating to Rule 100. Fair Trial Guarantees
Section E. Necessary rights and means of defence
China’s Criminal Procedure Law (1979), as amended in 1996, states:
Article 11. … A defendant shall have the right to defence, and the People’s Courts shall have the duty to guarantee his defence.
Article 32 In addition to exercising the right to defend himself, a criminal suspect or a defendant may entrust one or two persons as his defenders. The following persons may be entrusted as defenders:
(1) lawyers;
(2) persons recommended by a public organization or the unit to which the criminal suspect or the defendant belongs; and
(3) guardians or relatives and friends of the criminal suspect or the defendant.
Persons who are under criminal punishment or whose personal freedom is deprived of or restricted according to law shall not serve as defenders.
Article 34 If a case is to be brought in court by a public prosecutor and the defendant involved has not entrusted anyone to be his defender due to financial difficulties or other reasons, the People’s Court may designate a lawyer that is obligated to provide legal aid to serve as a defender.
If the defendant is blind, deaf or mute, or if he is a minor, and thus has not entrusted anyone to be his defender, the People’s Court shall designate a lawyer that is obligated to provide legal aid to serve as a defender.
If there is the possibility that the defendant may be sentenced to death and yet he has not entrusted anyone to be his defender, the People’s Court shall designate a lawyer that is obligated to provide legal aid to serve as a defender.  
China, Criminal Procedure Law, 1979, as amended in 1996, Articles 11, 32 and 34.
China’s Organic Law of the People’s Courts (1979), as amended in 2006, states:
The accused has the right to defence. Besides defending himself, the accused has the right to delegate a lawyer to defend him. He may also be defended by a citizen recommended by a people’s organization or his unit of employment, by a citizen approved by the people’s court, or by a near relative or guardian. The people’s court may also, when it deems it necessary, appoint a counsel to defend him. 
China, Organic Law of the People’s Courts, 1979, as amended in 2006, Article 8.
China’s Constitution (1982), as amended in 2004, states: “Except in special circumstances as specified by law, all cases in the people’s courts are heard in public. The accused has the right to defence.” 
China, Constitution, 1982, as amended in 2004, Article 125.