Practice Related to Rule 95. Forced Labour
Section B. Compelling persons to serve in the forces of a hostile power
Under Chile’s Code of Military Justice (1925), compelling a prisoner of war to fight against his or her own army is an “offence against international law”.
According to the Report on the Practice of Chile, the prohibition of compelling a prisoner of war to fight against his or her own country (reflected in Article 261 of the Chilean Code of Military Justice), predates the 1949 Geneva Conventions and is based on the 1907 Hague Regulations.