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Côte d’Ivoire
Practice Relating to Rule 65. Perfidy
Section F. Simulation of protected status by using the distinctive emblems of the Geneva Conventions
Côte d’Ivoire’s Teaching Manual (2007) provides in Book I (Basic instruction):
Lesson 1. Basic notions of IHL
… The following acts are regarded as perfidy:
- The misleading use of all distinctive emblems (emblem of the red cross, the red crystal and the red crescent) …
Lesson 4. Breaches and repression of violations of IHL
I. Grave violations
They are enumerated by the Geneva Conventions and the Additional Protocols, as well as by the Ivorian Penal Code.
They are:
- perfidious use of protective signs,
I.2 Sanctions
In Côte d’Ivoire, the Penal Code has provided for the repression of certain violations:
- articles 472 and 473 [punish] the usurpation of a uniform, a decoration, signs and emblems. 
Côte d’Ivoire, Droit de la guerre, Manuel d’instruction, Livre I: Instruction de base, Ministère de la Défense, Forces Armées Nationales, November 2007, pp. 13, 15–16 and 29–30.
In Book III, Volume 1 (Instruction of first-year trainee officers), the Teaching Manual further provides:
IHL prohibits recourse to perfidy with the aim to kill, injure or capture an enemy.
Regarded as perfidy is any act which appeals to the good faith of the enemy, with the intention to deceive him, and with the aim to make him believe that he is entitled to receive, or has the obligation to give, protection provided by the rules of IHL.
The following acts are examples of perfidy:
- using unduly the emblem of the red cross, the red crescent or the red crystal or any other distinctive sign. 
Côte d’Ivoire, Droit de la guerre, Manuel d’instruction, Livre III, Tome 1: Instruction de l’élève officier d’active de 1ère année, Manuel de l’élève, Ministère de la Défense, Forces Armées Nationales, November 2007, pp. 41–42.
Côte d’Ivoire’s Penal Code (1981), as amended in 2015, states:
Article 139
Whoever commits a war crime is punished with life imprisonment.
War crimes are:
2 - other serious violations of the laws and customs applicable in international armed conflict, within the established framework of international law, namely, any of the following acts:
- making improper use … of the distinctive emblems of the Geneva Conventions, resulting in death or serious personal injury[.] 
Côte d’Ivoire, Penal Code, 1981, as amended in 2015, Article 139.