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Côte d’Ivoire
Practice Relating to Rule 5. Definition of Civilians
Côte d’Ivoire’s Teaching Manual (2007) provides in Book I (Basic instruction):
II.1. Protected persons and objects
- Civilians: persons who are not members of the armed forces and who do not take part in hostilities.
- Civilian population: entirety of civilians. 
Côte d’Ivoire, Droit de la guerre, Manuel d’instruction, Livre I: Instruction de base, Ministère de la Défense, Forces Armées Nationales, November 2007, pp. 18–19.
In Book III, Volume 1 (Instruction of first-year trainee officers), the Teaching Manual provides:
II. Definition of civilians and of associated protected personnel
II.1. Civilians
Civilians must not be attacked. A civilian is a person who is not a member of the armed forces. … The term “civilians” refers to men and women, as well as children of both sexes.
II.3. The civilian population
The civilian population consists of civilian persons. 
Côte d’Ivoire, Droit de la guerre, Manuel d’instruction, Livre III, Tome 1: Instruction de l’élève officier d’active de 1ère année, Manuel de l’élève, Ministère de la Défense, Forces Armées Nationales, November 2007, p. 31; see also Droit de la guerre, Manuel d’instruction, Livre III, Tome 2: Instruction de l’élève officier d’active de 2ème année, Manuel de l’instructeur, Ministère de la Défense, Forces Armées Nationales, November 2007, p. 21.
In Book IV (Instruction of heads of division and company commanders), the Teaching Manual provides:
I.1.1. Civilian
A “civilian” is a person who is not a combatant. …
I.1.2. Civilian population
The civilian population comprises all persons who are civilians. 
Côte d’Ivoire, Droit de la guerre, Manuel d’instruction, Livre IV: Instruction du chef de section et du commandant de compagnie, Manuel de l’élève, Ministère de la Défense, Forces Armées Nationales, November 2007, p. 31.