Practice Relating to Rule 120. Accommodation for Children Deprived of Their Liberty
Côte d’Ivoire’s Teaching Manual (2007) provides in Book III, Volume 1 (Instruction of first-year trainee officers):
Additional Protocol I specifies that children have the right to the care and aid they require because of their age. Children who have not attained the age of 15 years must not be recruited into the armed forces, nor directly participate in hostilities. Should children nevertheless be incorporated (something which in reality happens all too often) and happen to be imprisoned, they must be treated particularly well, due to their age, and be separated from adults.
In Book IV (Instruction of heads of division and company commanders), the Teaching Manual provides:
II.2.3. Treatment of child POWs [prisoners of war]
The LOAC ensures special protection to children due to their special vulnerability. Every child deprived of liberty must be:
- separated from adults unless in the greater interest of the child it is regarded as preferable not to do so.