相关规则
Switzerland
Practice Relating to Rule 83. Removal or Neutralization of Landmines
Switzerland’s Basic Military Manual (1987) states that large-scale minefields must be mapped, and after the cessation of hostilities, in order to protect the civilian population, these maps shall be handed over to the adverse party and to the United Nations. In this context, the manual refers to Articles 6 to 9 of the 1980 Protocol II to the Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons. 
Switzerland, Lois et coutumes de la guerre (Extrait et commentaire), Règlement 51.7/II f, Armée Suisse, 1987, Article 23.
In 2007, in its Mine Action Strategy 2008 to 2011, Switzerland stated: “The mine action strategy of the Swiss Confederation for the period 2008 to 2011 covers all aspects of mine action, including the field of explosive remnants of war (ERW). It defines Switzerland’s main lines of action over the next few years aimed at contributing towards the global struggle against anti-personnel mines and explosive remnants of war.” 
Switzerland, Mine Action Strategy 2008 to 2011, 31 December 2007, Introduction.
The Strategy further stated:
- Legal obligations: In the course of the 1990s, the international community pursued significant efforts aimed at limiting the grave humanitarian consequences of the problems associated with landmines and explosive remnants of war. New legal instruments were created that restrict the use of landmines or introduce precise regulations facilitating demining and the clearance of affected zones. 
Switzerland, Mine Action Strategy 2008 to 2011, 31 December 2007, Part 1.
[footnote in original omitted]
The Strategy further stated:
4.3. Strategic goals:
Within the context of the existing challenges and its own lines of action, Switzerland has defined the following … strategic goals in mine action and related activities for the period between 2008 and 2011:
4. Clearance of affected areas of land.
4.4. Political and operational objectives:
The Federal Government has set itself the following political and operational objectives …:
4. Clearance of affected land:
- Contribution to projects in States Parties that can meet the deadline of 10 years stipulated in the Ottawa Convention.
- Contribution to projects in States Parties that can in all likelihood not meet the deadline of 10 years stipulated in the Ottawa Convention, but which set out to fulfil their obligations while taking account of their limited possibilities.
- Contributions to mine action projects that are within the priorities of Switzerland’s policies for promotion of peace and human security, development co-operation and humanitarian aid.
- Financial and material contributions to the GICHD [Geneva International Centre for Humanitarian Demining] for the development of international mine action standards and their translation into national standards.
- Financial and material contributions to the GICHD for the development of the Information Management System for Mine Action (IMSMA) and for the development of related products.
- Contribution (including within the GICHD) towards the promotion of development instruments aimed at enhancing the effectiveness of humanitarian demining.
- Contribution (in particular within the GICHD) towards the promotion of the integration of action against mines into Switzerland’s commitments in favour of peace promotion and development. 
Switzerland, Mine Action Strategy 2008 to 2011, 31 December 2007, Part 4.3(4) and Part 4.4(4); see also Part 3.
[footnote in original omitted]
In 2009, in its Report on Foreign Policy, Switzerland’s Federal Council stated:
Switzerland supports international efforts … for the destruction of anti-personnel mines with financial and diplomatic resources.
The second mine action strategy of the [Swiss] Confederation covers the 2008 to 2011 period and defines six objectives:
1) implementation and global application of the [1997] Ottawa Convention (Convention on the prohibition of the use, stockpiling, production and transfer of anti-personnel mines and on their destruction);
2) implementation and global application … of the [1996] Amended Protocol II to the [1980] Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons (CCW);
4) demining of mined areas;
Switzerland … will focus on the progress needed for the destruction of stocks and complete demining. The delays of certain States in this domain are a concern to many countries. … It also supports programs of the UN, concerned States and NGOs by providing them material and demining experts, and by ensuring the transfer of know-how to the areas of concern. …
Switzerland also supports the Centre for humanitarian demining in Geneva, which acts as the secretariat of the Ottawa Convention since 2001. 
Switzerland, Federal Council, Report on Foreign Policy 2009, 2 September 2009, Section 3.3.5.2, pp. 5790–5791.
[footnote in original omitted; emphasis in original]
The Federal Council further stated: “In Bosnia and Herzegovina, the FDFA [Federal Department of Foreign Affairs] will continue to support humanitarian demining [efforts]. An action of this type will also take place in Kosovo.” 
Switzerland, Federal Council, Report on Foreign Policy 2009, 2 September 2009, Section 3.3.6.2, p. 5798; see also p. 5801.
In 2010, in its Report on Foreign Policy, Switzerland’s Federal Council stated:
Switzerland … endeavours to reduce armed violence in the world, in particular as regards anti-personnel mines …
Ten years after the entry into force of the [1997] Ottawa Convention on Anti-Personnel Mines, … there are however a number of important challenges to note: … a number of State parties are not up to date with their obligations concerning demining and the destruction of stockpiles. 
Switzerland, Federal Council, Report on Foreign Policy 2010, 10 December 2010, Section 4.2.2, p. 1093.
In 2011, Switzerland’s Federal Council issued a Communiqué on the continuation of measures promoting peace and human security 2012–2016, which stated:
There has been impressive progress since the entry into force of the [1997] Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-Personnel Mines and on their Destruction (Ottawa Convention) in 1999, but there remains much to be done: 39 State Parties still have to clear the[ir] mined areas. Switzerland participates … in the demining campaigns … We support the International Centre for the Humanitarian Demining (CIDHG) – the main centre of competence in the fight against landmines. 
Switzerland, Federal Council, Communiqué on the continuation of measures promoting peace and human security 2012–2016, 29 June 2011, p. 5905.
In 2012, in its Report on Foreign Policy 2011, Switzerland’s Federal Council stated: “Thanks to Switzerland’s support, in 2011 Burundi could declare itself mine-free according to Article 5 of the [1997] Convention on the Prohibition of Anti-Personnel Mines.” 
Switzerland, Federal Council, Report on Foreign Policy 2011, 18 January 2012, pp. 2759–2760.
[footnote in original omitted]
In the report, the Federal Council also stated:
Twelve years after the entry into force of the [1997] Ottawa Convention on the Prohibition of Anti-Personnel Mines, we are approaching the elimination of this type of weapon. Major challenges nevertheless remain: about forty countries still do not adhere to the convention and a number of States Parties are not up to date with their obligations related to demining and destruction of their stockpiles. Switzerland is actively engaged in the implementation of the Ottawa Convention. In 2011, together with Colombia, we co-chaired the permanent [Mine Clearance, Mine Risk Education and Mine Action Technologies Standing Committee]. … We are one of the few countries that have developed a strategy for humanitarian demining and elimination of unexploded ammunition; a strategy that is regularly reviewed. 
Switzerland, Federal Council, Report on Foreign Policy 2011, 18 January 2012, p. 2763.
[footnote in original omitted]
In 2012, in the report on Switzerland’s arms control and disarmament policy, Switzerland’s Federal Council stated:
In line with its humanitarian tradition, Switzerland has worked for long time on the complete prohibition of anti-personnel mines. In 1998, it was one of the first countries to ratify the [1997] Convention on the Prohibition of use, stockpiling, production and transfer of anti-personnel mine and on their destruction (Ottawa Convention), which provides for a complete destruction of anti-personnel mine stockpiles. It destroyed its entire stockpiles in 1999. For the years 2012 to 2015, the Confederation’s anti-mine strategy has taken the form of an inter-departmental process. … The strategy identifies four goals:
3. Encourage integration of humanitarian demining into other political areas and operational activities, which affect Switzerland directly or indirectly; develop instruments aimed at measuring the impact.
4. Proactively promote development of new instruments, policies and activities in humanitarian demining and in related areas.
The Confederation continues to dedicate some 16 million Swiss francs a year to political and operational activities linked to the fight against anti-personnel mines, cluster munitions and other explosive remnants of war. About a half of this sum goes to the Geneva International Centre for Humanitarian Demining (GICHD), the main centre of competence in this area, which provides an essential contribution to the development of effective norms and methods. Furthermore, Switzerland held the presidency of the Ottawa Convention in 2008/2009 and together with Colombia chaired [the Mine Clearance, Mine Risk Education and Mine Action Technologies Standing Committee] of the [1997] Ottawa Convention.
Switzerland is also a member of the Mine Action Support Group that unites 28 main donor countries. In the area of demining, the focus of Switzerland’s commitment is South-East Europe, South-East Asia and the Middle East. 
Switzerland, Report of the Federal Council on Switzerland’s arms control and disarmament policy , 30 November 2012, pp. 24–25.
In 2012, in a speech at the 12th Meeting of the States Parties to the Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-Personnel Mines and on Their Destruction, the head of Switzerland’s Federal Department of Foreign Affairs stated:
Getting the world rid of the scourge of anti-personnel mines is thus a question of joint willingness; it is also a question of the willingness of each State.
Switzerland’s willingness translates itself into three political priorities: universality, security and sustainability.
2. Security thanks to mine clearance
Switzerland welcomes the considerable progress that has been made, as we are aware of how difficult this work is. But Switzerland is also concerned about the delay of a number of countries in achieving the stated objectives. There is no such a thing as partial demining! … An area remains mined until all mines, without exception, are removed. Only a complete mine clearance allows sustainable development of a region and prevents new victims.
Switzerland has adopted its strategy for humanitarian demining for the years 20012–2015. 
Switzerland, Speech by the head of the Federal Department of Foreign Affairs at the 12th Meeting of the States Parties to the Convention on Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-Personnel Mines and on Their Destruction, 3 December 2012.
In 2013, Switzerland’s Federal Department of Foreign Affairs issued the document “Women, Peace and Security: National Action Plan to implement UN Security Council Resolution 1325 (2000)”, which stated:
SUBORDINATE GOAL 3
Switzerland implements UNSCR [UN Security Council resolution] 1325 during and after violent conflicts, as well as in fragile contexts through its bilateral measures for emergency aid, reconstruction and dealing with the past.
Measures
4 Activities, programmes and projects of humanitarian demining and clearance of explosive remnants of war integrate gender aspects and take account of the specific needs of girls and women. 
Switzerland, Federal Department of Foreign Affairs, Women, Peace and Security: National Action Plan to implement UN Security Council Resolution 1325 (2000), 2013, p. 17.
In 2013, in a statement at the Fourth Meeting of States Parties to the Convention on Cluster Munitions, the representative of Switzerland stated:
Switzerland supports mine action projects, including clearance projects, both with financial contributions and expertise with regard to the information management, accounting and logistics, or also the donation of so-called SM EOD Charges that allow a contact free disposal of unexploded ordnance (UXO) and mines.
In 2012, Switzerland’s financial contributions to mine action slightly increased to previous years to a total of over 17 [million] CHF in total, within the framework of the strategy of the Swiss Confederation. Most of these resources went towards supporting clearance activities …
Also for the coming years, Switzerland will keep and if possible even extend its engagement in the domain of clearance. 
Switzerland, Statement by the representative of Switzerland at the Fourth Meeting of States Parties to the Convention on Cluster Munitions, 12 September 2013.