Practice Relating to Rule 134. Women
Switzerland’s Basic Military Manual (1987) states: “Women … shall be the object of particular respect.”
Switzerland’s Regulation on Legal Bases for Conduct during an Engagement (2005) states in the section on behaviour with regard to civilians: “Women … must be specially protected
(emphasis in original)
Switzerland’s ABC of International Humanitarian Law (2009) states:
International humanitarian law calls for the special protection of women. As Civilians
they are protected against any assault on their honour and physical integrity. Pregnant women and mothers of small children enjoy the same status as the sick and Wounded
, being transferred to safety zones and are first in line for assistance. Other special provisions protect women who are members of the armed forces, for example in the case of women who are Prisoners of war
, who are to be housed separately from men and are to be placed under the direct supervision of other women.
In 2012, in its Report on Foreign Policy 2011, Switzerland’s Federal Council stated:
[The Federal Department of Foreign Affairs] pays particular attention to the protection of women in the situation of conflict … In 2010, Switzerland has revised its national action plan, incorporating the UN [Security Council] Resolution [1325 on Women, Peace and Security] and adapting it to the national context.
In 2013, Switzerland’s Federal Department of Foreign Affairs issued the document “Women, Peace and Security: National Action Plan to implement UN Security Council Resolution 1325 (2000)”, which stated:
Greater inclusion of a gender perspective during and after violent conflicts in emergency aid, reconstruction and in dealing with the past
SUBORDINATE GOAL 1
In the framework of its multilateral policy, Switzerland commits to including the gender perspective in emergency aid, reconstruction and rehabilitation efforts during and after violent conflicts as well as in fragile contexts.
1 Involvement in relevant agencies promoting respect for the sexual and reproductive rights of victims of SGBV [sexual and gender-based violence].
SUBORDINATE GOAL 3
Switzerland implements UNSCR [UN Security Council resolution] 1325 during and after violent conflicts, as well as in fragile contexts through its bilateral measures for emergency aid, reconstruction and dealing with the past.
1 Emergency aid and reconstruction measures in conflict and post-conflict situations are gender-sensitive and take account of the specific security and basic needs of women and girls in the following areas:
- Sexual and reproductive health provision, in particular for victims of SGBV, including psychosocial, legal and economic aid
4 Activities, programmes and projects of humanitarian demining and clearance of explosive remnants of war integrate gender aspects and take account of the specific needs of girls and women.
[footnotes in original omitted]
In 2013, in its Report on Foreign Policy 2012, Switzerland’s Federal Council stated:
[T]he FDFA [Federal Department of Foreign Affairs] gives particular attention to the protection of women in situations of armed conflict … In 2010, the Federal Council took note of the National Action Plan to implement the UN Security Council Resolution 1325 on Women, Peace and Security …
This year, the first interdepartmental report on the implementation of this plan was drafted.