Central African Republic
Practice Relating to Rule 47. Attacks against Persons Hors de Combat
Section B. Specific categories of persons hors de combat
The Central African Republic’s Instructor’s Manual (1999) states in Volume 1 (Basic and team leader instruction): “The white flag (flag of parlementaires [is] used to signal a request for negotiation or surrender). Combatants carrying a white flag are also protected.”
In Volume 2 (Instruction for group and patrol leaders), the manual states: “It is forbidden to kill or wound an enemy who has surrendered”.
Also in Volume 2, the manual states: “Any person who is or should be acknowledged as no longer fit to take part in combat must not be attacked (for example any person who has surrendered, is wounded, dead, shipwrecked at sea … ).”
Volume 2 further states: “An intention to surrender must be clearly expressed: by raising the arms, laying down arms, waving a white flag, etc.”
Volume 2 also states: “Captured combatants (whether they have surrendered or not) … may not be attacked. … [They] must be: … protected”.
The Central African Republic’s Disciplinary Regulations (2009) states:
During combat, it is also prohibited for servicemen to:
- fire upon, wound or kill an enemy that surrenders or is captured or with whom a suspension of fire has been concluded;
- commit violence to life and person of the sick, wounded, shipwrecked, as well as of prisoners and civilians.