Central African Republic
Practice Relating to Rule 156. Definition of War Crimes
The Central African Republic’s Penal Code (2010) states:
Art.154: For the purposes of this code, “war crimes” are understood as: Grave breaches of the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949, namely any of the acts mentioned [in the Geneva Conventions] when they are committed against persons or property protected under the provisions of the aforementioned conventions.
Art.155: All other serious violations of the laws and customs applicable in international armed conflict under the framework established by international law shall also be considered as war crimes.
Art. 156: In the case of an armed conflict not of an international character, war crimes are serious violations of article 3 common to the four Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949, namely any acts committed against persons taking no active part in hostilities, including members of the armed forces who have laid down their arms and persons placed hors de combat by sickness, wounds, detention, or any other cause.
Art.157: The clauses of the previous article also apply to armed conflicts in which the Central African State opposes organized armed groups for a prolonged period of time on its territory, and to [conflicts] between organized armed groups.