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Benin
Practice Relating to Rule 145. Reprisals
Benin’s Military Manual (1995) states: “As far as reprisals are concerned, under customary law, they are permitted to counter an unlawful act of warfare.” 
Benin, Le Droit de la Guerre, III fascicules, Forces Armées du Bénin, Ministère de la Défense nationale, 1995, Fascicule III, p. 13.
The manual also states: “Acts of vengeance are prohibited.” 
Benin, Le Droit de la Guerre, III fascicules, Forces Armées du Bénin, Ministère de la Défense nationale, 1995, Fascicule I, p. 17.
Benin’s Military Manual (1995) states that reprisals “may only be used if: … a prior warning is given”. 
Benin, Le Droit de la Guerre, III fascicules, Forces Armées du Bénin, Ministère de la Défense nationale, 1995, Fascicule III, p. 13.
Benin’s Military Manual (1995) states that reprisals “may only be used if: … they are proportional to the violation of the law of war committed by the enemy”. 
Benin, Le Droit de la Guerre, III fascicules, Forces Armées du Bénin, Ministère de la Défense nationale, 1995, Fascicule III, p. 13.
Benin’s Military Manual (1995) states that reprisals “may only be used if: … they are ordered at a high level”. 
Benin, Le Droit de la Guerre, III fascicules, Forces Armées du Bénin, Ministère de la Défense nationale, 1995, Fascicule III, p. 13.
Benin’s Military Manual (1995) states that reprisals “may only be used if: … they cease as soon as the violation [of the law of war] which has triggered them ceases”. 
Benin, Le Droit de la Guerre, III fascicules, Forces Armées du Bénin, Ministère de la Défense nationale, 1995, Fascicule III, p. 13.