Practice Relating to Rule 48. Attacks against Persons Parachuting from an Aircraft in Distress
Burundi’s Regulations on International Humanitarian Law (2007) states: “A parachutist descending from an aircraft in distress must be granted the possibility of surrendering before being attacked, unless he behaves in a hostile way.”
The Regulations also states:
The pilots and crew parachuting form an aircraft in distress … may not be attacked during the descent. Once they are on the ground, they must be taken prisoners of war.
However, they may be attacked during their descent or after their landing if they open fire or if they attempt to flee.
Nonetheless, parachutists descending from an aircraft, who constitute airborne troops, remain military objectives, even during their descent.