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Yugoslavia, Socialist Federal Republic of
Practice Relating to Rule 52. Pillage
Section A. General
Under the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia’s Military Manual (1988), “it is prohibited to pillage enemy property under any circumstances”. The manual considers any unlawful appropriation of private property as pillage. 
Yugoslavia, Socialist Federal Republic of, Propisi o Primeri Pravila Medjunarodnog Ratnog Prava u Oruzanim Snagama SFRJ, PrU-2, Savezni Sekretarijat za Narodnu Odbranu (Pravna Uprava), 1988, § 92.
The Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia’s Criminal Offences against the Nation and State Act (1945) considers that, during war or enemy occupation, “any person who … ordered or committed … the looting of private or public property” committed a war crime. 
Yugoslavia, Socialist Federal Republic of, Criminal Offences against the Nation and State Act, 1945, Article 3(3).
Under the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia’s Penal Code (1976), as amended in 2001, “plunder of the population’s property” is a war crime against the civilian population. 
Yugoslavia, Socialist Federal Republic of, Penal Code, 1976, as amended in 2001, Article 142(1).
Order No. 579 issued in 1991 by the Chief of the Staff of the Yugoslav People’s Army (YPA) states that YPA units must “apply all means to prevent any attempt of pillage”. 
Yugoslavia, Socialist Federal Republic of, Chief of General Staff of the YPA, Political Department, Order No. 579, 14 October 1991, § 2.