Practice Relating to Rule 1. The Principle of Distinction between Civilians and Combatants
Section C. Attacks against civilians
Argentina’s Law of War Manual (1989) states: “The prohibition to attack civilians and civilian objects implies that any act of violence, whether in offence or defence, against them is prohibited”.
With respect to non-international armed conflicts in particular, the manual states: “The civilian population and individual civilians shall not be the object of attack.”
The manual further states that “attacks against the civilian population [and] against individual civilians” constitute grave breaches.