Practice Relating to Rule 88. Non-Discrimination
In 2009, in its initial report to the Committee on the Rights of the Child, Afghanistan stated:
Concerted efforts have been undertaken by the MoE [Ministry of Education] to eliminate all forms of discrimination and to ensure accessibility to education by both “girls” and “boys” regardless of their ethnicity, race, religion, and social status … To achieve the determined objectives the following steps have been implemented:
- The MoE, in cooperation with relevant civil society organizations, has implemented a two phase accelerated education programme targeting children, especially girls, who were deprived of education during conflict and Taliban era and reintegrate them into mainstream education. From February 2003 to end of 2005, education was provided in 17 provinces in more than 6,800 classes to 170,000 primary students by 6,800 teachers. The second stage, which is currently continuing, supports students aged 10 to 15 years to complete two education years in one year upon which they are enrolled into basic mainstream education schools.
[footnotes in original omitted]
Afghanistan’s Public Health Law (2009) states:
Article 18. Provision of Emergency Medical Aid.
Health services shall be provided by the nearest health facility to … those whose health condition requires emergency aid, without any discrimination.
Afghanistan’s Law on Juvenile Rehabilitation and Training Centres (2009) states regarding the detention of juveniles:
Article 4. Observance of Human Rights
1. Employees of Juvenile Justice Department Centres (JJDC) & Juvenile Rehabilitation Centres (JRCs), prosecutors, judges and other individuals who are dealing with the juveniles … must communicate with convicted juveniles impartially and … without any discrimination.