数据库实践部分涵盖“习惯国际人道法研究”所确定的161条习惯国际人道法规则。《习惯国际人道法》最初由剑桥大学出版社于2005年出版。
具体规则可见数据库第一部分(1. 规则)

实践部分可通过三种方式进行查阅:

数据库实践部分仅提供英文版。

除非另行说明,英文译文并非正式文本。数据库所有译文的权威版本均为文件原文。 可通过红十字国际委员会图书馆网站获取或按需提供

数据库旨在尽可能全面地提供相关实践,但未必详尽无遗、毫无疏漏。如有疏漏错误之处,请点击数据库反馈按钮,提供宝贵建议。


数据库实践部分定期更新,最新资料由绿色 标明。




Original Customary IHL Study and completed updates:

  • The original printed version of the Study, published in 2005, includes international and national practice up to the end of 2002, all of which has been incorporated in this online Database.
  • Since the publication of this online database, international material and national practice have been updated as follows:
    • International practice from the United Nations and from international and mixed judicial and quasi-judicial bodies was updated until the end of 2007 in August 2010.
    • National practice of 80 countries was updated until the end of 2007 in 2011 and 2012 [1].
    • National practice was updated up till the end of 2010 for a first set of 3 countries [2] in August 2013, for a second set of 14 countries [3] in March 2014, for a third set of 7 countries [4]in April 2014, for a fourth set of 11 countries [7] in June 2014.
      In July 2014, national practice was updated for a set of 9 countries [8].
      In November 2014, national practice was updated for a further set of 5 countries[10].
      In June 2016, national practice was updated for a further set of 5 countries [11].
      In August 2016, national practice was updated for a further set of 5 countries [12].
      In December 2016, national practice was updated for a further set of 2 countries [14].
      In December 2017, national practice was updated for a further set of 2 countries [15].
      In March 2018, national practice was updated for a further set of 5 countries [16].
      In May 2018, national practice was updated for a further set of 4 countries [17].
      In July 2018, national practice was updated for a further set of 2 countries [18].
      In December 2018, national practice was updated for a further set of 2 countries [19].
      In July 2019, national practice was updated for another country [20].
      In December 2019, national practice was updated for another country [21].
    • International practice from international and mixed judicial and quasi-judicial bodies was updated until the end of 2010 for 2 such bodies in August 2013 [5], for 3 such bodies in April 2014 [6] and for 2 tribunals in July 2014 [9]. In August 2016, international practice from 2 international courts was updated until the end of 2013[13].


Afghanistan, Algeria, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Burundi, Cameroon, Canada, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Côte d’Ivoire, Croatia, Democratic Republic of Congo, Denmark, Djibouti, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Guatemala, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Iraq, Islamic Republic of Iran, Israel, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Republic of Korea, Libya, Malaysia, Mexico, Morocco, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Qatar, Russian Federation, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Serbia and Montenegro, Serbia, Sierra Leone, Spain, South Africa, Sudan, Sri Lanka, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Thailand, Turkey, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States of America, Uruguay, Viet Nam and Yemen.
Liberia, Norway, Sierra Leone.
Azerbaijan, Côte d’Ivoire, Fiji, France, Germany, Kenya, Mozambique, Morocco, Pakistan, Rwanda, Ukraine, Uganda, United Kingdom, Yemen.
Armenia, Brazil, Cuba, El Salvador, Georgia, Nepal and New Zealand.
Ethiopia-Eritrea Claims Commission and Special Court for Sierra Leone.
Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia, International Court of Justice, International Criminal Court.
Afghanistan, Australia, Burundi, Central African Republic, Chad, Israel, Mexico, Russian Federation, Spain, Venezuela and Viet Nam.
Bangladesh, Guinea, Ireland, Malaysia, Nigeria, Peru, Sri Lanka, United States of America, Zimbabwe.
International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda, International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia.
Denmark (2008-2010), Djibouti (until 2012), Poland (2008-2010), Somalia (2008-2011), Tajikistan (2008-2010).
Chad (2011), Côte d’Ivoire (2011), Cuba (2011), Russian Federation (2011-2012), Viet Nam (2011).
Afghanistan (2011-2012), Chad (2012-2014), Tajikistan (2011-2013), Uzbekistan (2008-2013), Zimbabwe (2011-2014).
International Court of Justice, International Criminal Court.
Canada (2008-2013), India (2008-2013).
Democratic Republic of the Congo (2008–2010), Switzerland (2008–2013).
Chad (2015-2016), Georgia (2011-2014), Lao People’s Democratic Republic (2008-2011), Senegal (2008-2013), Spain (2011).
Iraq 2008-2012, Sierra Leone 2011-2012, Thailand 2008-2011, Zimbabwe 2015.
Côte d’Ivoire 2012-2013, Venezuela 2011-2012.
Fiji 2011-2017, Guinea 2012-2014.
South Africa 2008-2013.
Djibouti 2013-2017.