Practice Relating to Rule 142. Instruction in International Humanitarian Law within Armed Forces
Belarus’s Order on Study and Dissemination of IHL (1997), whose aim is “the implementation of international obligations of the Republic of Belarus with respect to the study and dissemination of international humanitarian law”, provides for the adoption of an annexed “Regulation on the application of the rules of international humanitarian law for the officers of the Belarusian armed forces”. It further provides for the establishment, within the Ministry of Defence, of a commission on the study and the dissemination of IHL in charge of, inter alia
, the preparation of measures for the study of IHL within the armed forces. The Order also provides for the preparation of manuals on IHL designed for the armed forces.
At the 27th International Conference of the Red Cross and Red Crescent in 1999, Belarus pledged to “continue the dissemination of information on the fundamental norms and principles of [IHL] among the population of the Republic of Belarus as well as among military forces personnel and attached to them medical and religious staff”.
Belarus’s Order on Study and Dissemination of IHL (1997) provides that the Vice-Ministers of Defence as well as commanders must, within the framework of the training of commanders, guarantee the study of the 1949 Geneva Conventions, the 1977 Additional Protocols and Belarusian regulations on the application of IHL and that they must take into account these instruments and documents during military training.