Practice Relating to Rule 93. Rape and Other Forms of Sexual Violence
Uruguay’s Basic Information for the Pre-Deployment of Personnel Involved in UN Stabilization Missions (2014), in a section entitled “The contribution of women to peace processes and the special protection due to women and children”, states:
In some places of conflict, sexual violence (rape, abuse, exploitation) against women and children is used as a weapon of war to terrorize, degrade and often annihilate populations, which is called a “crime against humanity” (one that attacks the conscience of all humanity) and those who commit sexual violence are subject to national or international law and receive very serious penalties. The Uruguayan contingents
have performed outstanding actions to protect against and stamp out such crimes.
[emphasis in original]
In a section entitled “The protection of childhood”, the Basic Information further states:
In situations of armed conflict, children are exposed to serious violations of their rights, which demand the attention of all responsible parties in those locations, especially those who, like armed contingents in peacekeeping zones, work under the flag of the United Nations.
The issue is so important that the United Nations has set up a dedicated office, headed by the Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Children and Armed Conflict.
The office has identified six serious violations of the human rights of children during armed conflicts. Personnel are requested to be particularly alert to these violations and to report them through the established mechanisms. …
The six serious violations are:
3. Rape and other forms of sexual violence against children;
4. Abduction of children (this includes human trafficking as a form of forced recruitment and sexual slavery, forcing children to work or act as prostitutes, often moving them from one country to another. If you are stationed at a border zone, we would ask you to pay special attention to this issue).
In its Annex 7, entitled “Human Rights”, the Basic Information also states:
HUMAN RIGHTS IN PEACE OPERATIONS
(C) FLAGRANT VIOLATIONS OF HUMAN RIGHTS
Rape and sexual exploitation:
Rape is used as a WEAPON. It is a form of retaliation used during armed conflicts, especially ethnic conflicts, to intimidate, humiliate and degrade the opposing ethnic community. Women are commonly forced into sexual exploitation during conflict.
Uruguay’s Law on Cooperation with the ICC (2006) states:
A person who commits any of the following acts with the intention to destroy in whole or in part a national, ethnic, religious, political, or trade union group or a group with their own identity based on gender, sexual orientation, cultural or social reasons, age, disability or health, is punished with fifteen to thirty years’ imprisonment:
B) … sexual aggression [or] enforced pregnancy … of one or more members of the group.
D) measures intended to prevent births within the group.
The Law also lists the following crime under the heading “Crimes against Humanity – Isolated Acts”:
Any person who is a State agent or who is not a State agent but acts under the authority, support or acquiescence of one or more State agents and who commits an act of sexual aggression against a person deprived of their liberty or under their custody or control or against a person in their custody or under their control or who appears before authorities as expert witness or other kind of witness must be punished with two to fifteen years’ imprisonment.
The Law further states:
26.2. Persons and objects affected by the war crimes set out in the present provision are persons and objects which international law protects in international or internal armed conflict.
26.3. The following are war crimes:
30. Committing rape, sexual slavery, enforced prostitution, forced pregnancy, enforced sterilization as comprised in Article 24 and as referred to in Article 7, paragraph (g) of the Rome Statute, or any other form of sexual violence also constituting a grave breach of the  Geneva Conventions.
In 2013, in a statement before the UN General Assembly during a meeting on the prevention of armed conflict, the permanent representative of Uruguay stated:
Two years of war have gone by – two years of unbearable suffering for the Syrian people … Unfortunately, we are too accustomed to reading and hearing figures and numbers. That is why I believe that we need to strive to put human faces on the tragedy and to think of the thousands of women who have been raped, children who have been murdered and victims who have been tortured – human beings who have been brutalized and dehumanized.