Practice Relating to Rule 144. Ensuring Respect for International Humanitarian Law Erga Omnes
In 2008, in a statement before the Sixth Committee of the UN General Assembly on the status of the 1977 Additional Protocols, made on behalf of Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden, the representative of Sweden stated:
States have a duty to respect and ensure respect for international humanitarian law. With universal recognition of the  Geneva Conventions, ensuring respect becomes a common goal for all states in the world. Joint efforts to promote and improve compliance with the Geneva Conventions are needed and must remain a priority.
The representative of Sweden further stated: “We call upon all states and entities to respect the existing body of international humanitarian law”
In 2009, in a statement announcing his decision to exclude the company Elbit Systems Ltd. from the Government Pension Fund (Global) – a decision based on a finding by the Council on Ethics that investment in Elbit would constitute “an unacceptable risk of contribution to serious violations of fundamental ethical norms as a result of the company’s integral involvement in Israel’s construction of a separation barrier on occupied territory” – Norway’s Finance Minister stated: “We do not wish to fund companies that so directly contribute to violations of international humanitarian law.”
In 2010, in a statement announcing his decision to exclude inter alia two Israeli companies from the Government Pension Fund (Global) – a decision based on a finding by the Council on Ethics that the construction of settlements in occupied Palestinian territory was in contravention of the 1949 Geneva Convention IV – Norway’s Finance Minister stated:
The Council on Ethics bases its recommendation on the fact that the international community is united in the view that the area east of the 1967 line is occupied territory and as such comes under the purview of the fourth Geneva Convention. Several United Nations Security Council resolutions and an International Court of Justice advisory opinion have concluded that the construction of Israeli settlements in occupied Palestinian territory is prohibited under this Convention. I have therefore accepted the recommendation of the Council on Ethics and am excluding Africa Israel Investments and Danya Cebus from the fund’s investment portfolio.